Minor heat stroke, or heat exhaustion, is commonplace in children. The easiest away to avoid heat stroke is simply to always make sure there is a lot of water around whenever doing outdoor activities or trips. Adequate water encourages normal sweating, which cools the body. Heat stroke can be a serious and life threatening condition.
Signs of minor heat stroke or heat exhaustion:
- Dizziness or headache
- Pale, cool, moist skin.
Signs of serious heat stroke:
- Cognitive impairment, such as confusion, delirium, or unconsciousness.
- Skin that is hot and dry, even under the armpits.
Treating heat stroke:
- Call 911 if you suspect serious heat stroke.
- Remove the child from the sun and into a cool room.
- Remove unnecessary clothing. Strip the child to their underwear if possible.
- Apply cool, wet towels around the child’s head and body, or sponge their body with cool water. (Not too cold, as this could cause shock.)
- Offer the child plenty of fluids, although offer them slowly (sips).
- Do not administer any over the counter medications, since these can aggravate the condition.