Lead is still permitted in U.S. toys as an additive to plastics, where it is not accessible. The current lead standard limits lead in toys to 100 parts per million or less. However, lead is also sometimes found in imported toys, especially cheap ones from China. While lead paint and other lead products are not supposed to be used in materials sent to the U.S., it’s not as if customs is swabbing the trinkets that come into this country. If a company decides to skirt the rules and use lead in their products, it’s typically only discovered long after the fact.
Protecting kids from lead-laced toys
- Avoid painted toys or jewelry bought from dollar stores, as these have been areas of concern in the past.
- You can keep a lead testing kit around to check for surface lead if you’re worried about any of the toys your kids use.
- Follow product recalls. Not only will this alert you to the discovery of any lead-tainted products, but following recalls is a good way to get a better understanding of how accidents happen, making you a more safety conscious parent.
- As a general rule, have kids keep toys (and fingers) out of their mouth and have them wash up before eating.
Beware of older toys
Older toys are more likely to contain lead. Old toy soldiers, for example, contained enough lead within a single toy to render several million toys unfit for sale at today’s standard. This is because ‘tin’ soldiers were made not primarily of tin but a lead-tin alloy containing 60% to 75% lead. (Gray, 2012)
Even toys made just a few decades ago can be toxic. For example, some diecast kits came with lead casts for children to cast in their own kitchen and then file smooth, which spread lead dust all around.